Match each pathogen with its mode of transmission

Students were enquired to answer a question at school and to declare what is most important for them to succeed. Out of the many results, one which that stood out was practice. Successful persons are certainly not born successful; they become successful via hard work and perseverance. If you would like to achieve your goals, keep this in mind! right below are one of the answer and question example that you may implement to practice and elevate your practical knowledge and also give you insights that could help you to keep up your study in school.


Match each pathogen with its mode of transmission

a. sexual contact
b. direct contact
c. animal vector
1. staphylococcus
2. human papilloma virus
3. lyme disease


a. sexual contact  is matched with 2. human papilloma virus.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is usually transmitted by direct skin-to-skin contact and, in genital-infections, most often, but not exclusively, during sex.

A small lesion of the skin (scratch) or mucous membranes is enough for the virus to enter the body. Its transmission could also be done indirectly through contaminated objects. Attendance at public places such as swimming pools, gymnasiums, sports clubs … is one of the transmission methods classically mentioned for cutaneous plantar warts.

The infection can spread from a self-inoculation lesion to another site.

b. direct contact  is matched with 1. staphylococcus.

There are several modes of transmission of staphylococci. They can be transmitted between individuals, especially in skin infection, but also from contaminated objects such as pillowcases, towels or telephones.

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Contagion can also occur through ingestion of food in which bacteria proliferate and release toxins.

c. animal vector  is matched with 3. lyme disease.

Lyme borreliosis is transmitted by the bite of ticks of the genus Ixodes.

 These vectors are infective at each of the three stages of their development (larva, nymph, adult), become infected during a blood meal performed on animals carrying Borrelia and can also transmit the bacteria to their offspring.

Borrelia is home to many animals: rodents (mice, voles), squirrels, deer and other deer, bears, hares, raccoons and birds.

They could hopefully help the student take care of the question by make use of the questions and answer examples. You can certainly then have a discussion with your classmate and continue the school learning by studying the topic jointly.

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